UWA Staff


The UWA staff site provides easy access to information for new and current staff. This includes procedures and planning, Human Resources, the induction process, Financial Services, Research and Teaching and Learning, as well as details of facilities, parking and transport information, and all about UWA’s social side.

Further information

Em rules and en rules

  • The em rule (—) is a long dash, roughly the width of the letter ‘m’.
  • The en rule (–) is longer than a hyphen and about half the width of an em rule.

You can find these dashes in Word by going to: Insert > Symbol > More symbols > Special characters.

In My Source Matrix, choose the 'Insert special character' box in the editing bar.

Written style guide

The University style for using numbers, dates, time and money in official publications and on websites.

  1. Numbers
  2. Dates
  3. Money
  4. Time


Numbers from one to nine are written as words. Numbers 10 and above are written in digits except when starting a sentence:

Only two students turned up on time.
The class was attended by 20 students.
Seventy-seven staff members loved the website.
Enrolments included 96 undergraduate and seven postgraduate students.

Large numbers

Large numbers are set out as follows:

4000 (four-figure numbers do not include a comma)

Range of numbers

A range of numbers is indicated

  • in running text, by 'from/to':

    Students are expected to achieve at least 65 to 70 per cent in botany.
    The office is open from 8 to 10am.
  • in a table, by an en rule (–), not a hyphen (-):

    Grade name Code Mark range
    Distinction D 80–100
    Credit Pass CR 70–79

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Dates are set out in running text in full with no punctuation, no ordinal suffix (for example, 2nd) and no abbreviation:

Thursday 2 April 2010
1930s (no apostrophe as in 1930's) or thirties
c.1750 (no space after c.)

Words are used for centuries in official publications. However, in less formal context, as in advertisements or flyers, figures are used:

twenty-first century
21st century (note 'st' is not in superscript)

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Amounts of money are expressed in figures after the currency symbol ($). For amounts that are whole numbers do not include the cents (.00):

$150 (not 150.00)

To distinguish between foreign currencies that use the dollar name and symbol place the relevant letters before the dollar symbol. A comma is used for amounts above four figures.


For non-dollar currencies, place the symbol or letters before the number:


Use the symbol for Australian dollars A$ on the website because we have an international audience.

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Time is expressed in digits and 12-hour format, using the abbreviations for ante meridiem (am) and post meridiem (pm) without full stops. There is no space between the time and the am/pm indicator. For a time range where both times use the same abbreviation, only one abbreviation is used at the end.

Where the time is a full hour, minutes (two zeros) are not given.

Use 'to' in running text and an en dash (–) in tables or dot points.

9.15pm (not 9.15 pm or 9:15 p.m.)
10am (not 10.00am)
The office is open from 11.30am to 2pm.

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